Population : 793,100 (End 2001)
80%: Greek Cypriots
11%: Turkish Cypriots
1%: Other minorities (Maronites, Armenians and Latins)
8%: Foreign residents
Population of Main Towns
Cyprus is an independent sovereign Republic with a presidential system
of government. Under the 1960 Constitution, executive power is exercised
by the President of the Republic, elected by universal suffrage for a
five-year term of office. The President exercises executive power through
a Council of Ministers appointed by him. Ministers may be chosen from
outside the House of Representatives.
Cyprus is a member of the United Nations and U.N. Agencies. It is also
a member of the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth, the Organisation
for Security and Cooperation in Europe and many other international Organisations.
Following the signing of the EU Enlargement Treaty in Athens on April
16, 2003 and its subsequent ratification by the Cypriot House of Representatives,
Cyprus officialy joined the EU on May 01 , 2004 and will be adopting the Euro as from 1 Jan 2008.
The legislative authority in the Republic is exercised by the House of
Representatives now consisting of eighty members (56 of whom are to be
Greek Cypriots and 24 Turkish Cypriots) elected by universal suffrage
for a five-year term. At the time of its establishment, the House consisted
of 50 members, 35 of whom were to be Greek Cypriots and 15 Turkish Cypriots.
According to the constitution the ratio is 70% Greek Cypriots and 30%
Turkish Cypriots. Following the withdrawal of the Turkish Cypriot members,
the House has been functioning only with the Greek Cypriot members.
The administration of justice is exercised by the islands separate
and independent Judiciary. Under the 1960 Constitution and other legislation
in force, the following judicial institutions have been established: The
Supreme Court of the Republic, The Assize Courts, District Courts, Military
Court, Industrial Disputes Court, Rent Control Courts and Familiy Courts.
The Supreme Courts is the final appellate court in the Republic and the
final adjudicator in matters of constitutional and administrative law.