Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Its 9,251
square kilometres (3,572 square miles) encompass citrus and olive groves,
pine forested mountains, and some of Europe's cleanest beaches. Also the
easternmost island in the Mediterranean Sea, Cyprus is approximately 105kilometres
(60 miles) west of Syria, 75kilometres (47 miles) south of Turkey and
380kilometres (200 miles) north of Egypt. The nearest Greek point is the
Greek island of Rhodes which is 380kilometres (200miles) to the west.
The island has a mild, typically Mediterranean climate, with abundant
sunshine even in winter and little rainfall. Prominent geographic features
include the Troodos massif that occupies most of the southwestern part
of the country, the Pentadaktylos range in the north around Kyrenia and
the Messaoria Plain in between them. It is here that the capital city,
Lefkosia, is located.
The elongated Karpasia Peninsula occupies the northeastern part of Cyprus,
while the southeastern point terminates in Cape Gkreco. The southern coast
is where the major towns of Larnaka and Lemesos are located. Pafos and
the Akamas Peninsula are on the far western edge.
The latitude of Cyprus is 34° 33'-35° 34' North, and its longitude
32° 16'-34° 37' East.